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棕榈油分提过滤车间设备

产品详细说明:

工艺简述:Technology brief 

 

1、原料收贮工段: 由磅房计量记录进厂的鲜棕榈果串,计量后的棕榈果串卸到装果斜坡并储存。

Raw materials storage section: Fresh palm fruit bunch must be first measurement recorded by the pound into the plant, then unloaded to loaded fruit slopes and stored.

 

2、杀酵工段: 鲜棕榈果串装入杀酵罐,进行密闭杀酵。杀酵目的为防止酶分解,以免油中游离脂肪酸含量进一步升高;便于机械脱粒;预处理果皮,为后续加工准备;预调理果核,减少仁的破损。

Sterilizing section: fresh palm fruit bunch are airtight sterilized in sterilizer. The purpose to prevent enzymes broken down, avoiding FFA content in oil further increase; easy threshing machinery; pretreatment peel, prepared for the follow-up processing; pre-conditioning stone, reducing the damage kernel.

 

3、脱果工段: 脱粒的目的是通过强烈振动把油棕果从果串上分离开来,脱果设备为转鼓式脱果机。分离后的油棕果排出进入压榨工段。空果串从转鼓的另一端排出到堆场,或运出厂区做棕榈果园覆盖物循环利用,或现场焚烧作为肥料施于农田。

Threshing section: The purpose of threshing is the oil palm fruit be separated from the fruit bunch through strong vibration, Threshing equipment is revolving drum thresher. The oil palm fruit separated be

ejected then into the press section. Empty fruit bunch be ejected to the yard from the other side of the revolving drum, or shipped out from the plant as palm orchards slipcover to recycling use, or burning in the locale as fertilizer for agricultural land. 

 

4、榨油工段:  油棕果压榨之前要先进行蒸煮,将杀酵过的果子重新加热使果肉松软,且破坏果肉细胞结构。蒸煮后进入连续式螺旋榨油机压榨。油棕果经过压榨后分为两部分:油、水、固体杂质的混合物及压榨饼(纤维和核)。油、水、固体杂质的混合物经毛油槽流入油净化工段;压榨饼经碎饼绞龙进入纤维回收工段

Pressing section: Oil palm fruit first carry out cooking before pressed, fruit sterilized must be re-heating for the soft pulp, and damage pulp cell structure. Then enter into continuous screw press for pressing. Oil palm fruit pressed is divided into two parts: oil, water, solid impurities mixture and the press cake (fiber and nuclear). Oil, water, solid impurities mixture by the crude oil gutter inflow to oil purification section; press cake by breaking screw conveyor into the fiber- recovery section

 

5、毛油净化工段:机榨毛油用水洗稀释后经过沉降、过滤,把纤维物质从油中除去,然后进行连续沉降,分成上下两部分:油及沉淀物。油经离心分离、真空干燥后泵入储存罐储存;油沉淀物经过滤、污油分离后,油进行二次沉降,污油混合物进行澄清分离,撇出的油再进行二次沉降,污水泵入污水处理池处理。

Clarification section: Machine-pressed crude oil first diluted with water washing, through settlement and filtration, the fiber material removed from the oil, and then carry out continuous settlement, the whole divided into two parts: oil and sediment. Oil by centrifugal separation and through vacuum drying pumped into the storage tank for storing; oil sediment by filtration and dirt oil separation, oil process second settlement, dirt oil mixture process clarification separation, Skim oil then carry out a second settlement, sewage pumps to sewage treatment pond for dealing with.

 

6、成品油贮运工段:成品毛油在储油罐中储存,储油罐容量为两个一千吨的油罐,由发油棚装车定期向外发油。成品毛油一般在之间32℃到40℃储存或运输,以防止过热情况,棕榈油的装卸温度应控制在50℃到55℃。

Finished oil storage and transportation section: Finished crude oil is stored in storage tanks, the capacity of oil storage tank is two 1000 tons, serve oil shed loading and issuing regularly oil to outside. Finished crude oil generally be stored and transported between at 32 ℃ to 40 ℃, in order to prevent overheating, the working temperature of the palm oil should be at 50 ℃ to 55 ℃.

 

7、纤维分离工段:压榨饼经碎饼绞龙破碎后,输送入纤维分离风网及纤维抛光滚筒,进行纤维分离。分离出来的纤维物资送往锅炉房作燃料用;分离出来的果核经气力输送系统输送到核仓暂存。

Fiber separation section: Press cake broken by breaking screw conveyor and then transported into the fiber separation air net and fiber polishing roller for fiber separating. The fiber material separated are sent to the boiler room as fuel; the stone separated are transported to stone warehouse by pneumatic conveying system for temporary storage.

 

8、仁回收工段:核破碎前要经过软化调质,软化后的核经波纹破碎机破碎后分为两瓣或多瓣,仁就被释放出来。破碎后的混合物进入破碎混合物分离系统,分离系统采用两级分离及水浴分离。分离后得到壳,送往储仓暂存,需要时用作锅炉房燃料;分离后得到仁通过热风干燥含水率降至7%以下。干燥后的仁送往仁储仓进行储存。

Kernel recovery section: the stone processes intenerate tempering before broken, the intenerating stone by the corrugated crusher be divided into two or more petal, kernel was released. The broken mixture enters into broken mixture separation system; separation system adopts two stage separation and water separation. Separation shell is sent to the warehouse for temporary storage, and when necessary as boiler room fuel; the moisture content of separation kernel falls to below 7 percent through the hot air to dry. Dried kernel is sent to kernel storage warehouse for storing.

 

9、污水处理工段:废水中有机物含量很高,生化耗氧量BOD大约为25000ppm,需处理合格后才能排放。蓄池污水处理系统是目前用的最多且行之有效的处理方法。这种处理系统经济实惠,只需提供足够的场地,投资费用不大。

Sewage treatment section: the waste water has high organic matter content, biochemical oxygen demand BOD about is 25000ppm, require by qualified deal before emissions. Pool sewage treatment system is the most used and effective treatment. This treatment system has cost-effective, only need provide adequate space, less investment costs.

 


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